domingo, 19 de junho de 2011

Belo Monte Hydroelectric DAM

The controversy surrounding the construction of Belo Monte DAM on the Xingu River Basin, has lasted more than 20 years. Comings and goings, the Belo Monte dam, now considered the greatest work of the Growth Acceleration Program (PAC), the federal government, has been the subject of intense debate in the region, criticized by environmentalists and representatives of social movements and viewed by Lula government as a priority project in the energy sector, the hydroelectric plant of Belo Monte is in the center of a controversy.

The government says the new plant, which is expected to enter service in 2015, can benefit 26 million Brazilians, critics argue that the environmental and social impact point to a supposed inefficiency of the dam.
Belo Monte Hydroelectric Plant

With plans to be installed in the region known as the Big Bend of the Xingu River, in Pará, the Belo Monte to be the third largest in the world in installed capacity, behind only the plants Three Gorges in China, and the binational Itaipu on the border of Brazil with Paraguay.

The government says the plant will have a total installed capacity of 11,233 megawatts (MW), but with an assured guarantee of generating 4,571 MW on average.

The total cost of the work shall be $ 19 billion. The plant should start operating in February 2015, but the work must be completed in 2019.

According to the government, one of the great advantages of Belo Monte, is the competitive price of energy produced there.

In addition, the construction of Belo Monte is expected to generate 18,000 direct jobs and 23,000 indirect and should help meet the demand for energy in Brazil in the coming years, producing electricity to supply 26 million people with high consumption profile.

Among the critics' groups and opposed the installation of Belo Monte, are environmentalists, members of the Catholic Church, representatives of indigenous and riverine communities and independent analysts.

In addition, federal prosecutors filed a series of actions against the plant's construction, pointing out alleged irregularities.

Coordinator of a panel of experts critical of the project, Francisco Hernandez, said that would cause a disruption of the Xingu River in a stretch of about 100 km, significantly reducing the river flow.

"This will cause a drastic reduction of water supply in this vast region, which are coastal people, fishermen, two indigenous lands, and two municipalities," said Hernandez, who says that the installation of Belo Monte would also affect the fauna and flora.

The government reacts to these criticisms

According to IBAMA's director of licensing, Bignelli Peter, one of the conditions imposed in the license for the project requires it to maintain a minimum flow in river.

Moreover, he asserts that there are projects for the preservation of fauna and flora and the communities that are directly affected will be transferred to locations where they can maintain similar conditions of life. He also denies that indigenous communities will be directly affected.

The history of the project

Discussions about the potential power generation of the Xingu Basin began in the 1970s, and in the next decade, the forecast was the construction of six power plants in the region, including Belo Monte.

After protests by indigenous leaders and environmentalists, the Belo Monte project was redesigned and reintroduced in 1994, with the slowdown in the impounded area, which would prevent the flooding of Indian lands.

In February 2010, IBAMA issued the Preliminary License for Belo Monte, imposing a series of 40 environmental and socioeconomic conditions to the project.

On April 20th an auction was held to decide which group of companies would be responsible for building the plant, with the victory of the Northern Energy consortium, led by the construction company Queiroz Galvao and Chesf.



quarta-feira, 15 de junho de 2011

Senac Final Exams schedule to english courses.

Esta semana, estaremos fazendo as avaliações finais do 1 semestre de inglês. as datas com as informações estão datadas abaixo:

Tuesday, 14th
-  Oral test for intermediate II, 08:00-11:00 am.

Wednesday 15th
- Units 07-08 review, basic english 01:30-03:30 pm / 06:20-08:20 pm.

Thursday 16th
- Written and listening Exams for intermediate II, 08:00-11:00 am.

Friday 17th
-Oral and listening test for intermediate I, 10:00-12:00pm.

                                                                                  -Written Exams for basic,01:30-03:30 pm.
                                                                                  - Written Exams for basic, 06:20-08:20 pm.
Monday 20th

-Oral and listening test for basics, 01:30-03:30 pm. //  06:20-08:20 pm.

- Workbook  for basics.

                                                                                                        Good Lucky!

segunda-feira, 13 de junho de 2011

Contagem regressiva!

       Mas uma segunda que se vai, e agora podemos dizer que é uma contagem regressiva, esta é a última semana de aulas do SENAC, com excessão de segunda dia 20 e terça dia 21, dos quais as aulas dão um "break", e retornam no primeiro dia de agosto.

Gostaria de agradecer a presença de todos que compareceram na Feijoada de ontem do dia dos namorados, para os que perderam ...só "I´m sorry", estava uma delícia. E a noite completou com o show de Fernando e Sorocaba, grande pedida do domingo.


Amanhã teremos english classes with the intermediate II and advanced.

E começaremos a nos preparar para as avaliações deste fim de semana.

See you soon.